Made In Bavaria

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"Mensch-ärgere-dich-nicht" in Bayern erfunden wurden? Wir erzählen euch ab sofort jeden Tag eine andere spannende Erfolgsgeschichte "Made in Bavaria"! Made in Bavaria: Mit dem Motorrad entlang der Alpen. 2. Süße Sünden: Zu Fuß auf eine Berghübijverdienste-werkenvanuithuis.nl ist zurück in der Heimat. 3. Marokkanische Minze: Ein. Made in Bavaria | Dixon, Reg | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Made in Bavaria. Der Anteil Bayerns am Bundesexport. Von Dr. Dr. habil. W. Henninger. 6. November , Uhr. Aus der ZEIT Nr. 45/ Von Dr. Dr. Made in Bavaria "Bayern ist Deutschlands Kreativstandort Nr. 1". Ein Zentrum für Kreative in Bayern - das gibt es seit einem Jahr in Nürnberg.

Made In Bavaria

Sie sagen: "Ich muss nirgendwo anders hin, um erfolgreich zu sein!" Wir stellen euch die spannendsten Start-ups vor. Made in Bavaria - Wie immer mehr kreative​. Seit nunmehr fast 30 Jahren ist das innovative Unternehmen für seine hochwertigen, “Made in Germany - Made in Bavaria“ gefertigten Sägewerksmaschinen. Made in Bavaria: Mit dem Motorrad entlang der Alpen. 2. Süße Sünden: Zu Fuß auf eine Berghübijverdienste-werkenvanuithuis.nl ist zurück in der Heimat. 3. Marokkanische Minze: Ein.

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Bavaria Sailing Yachts Sie sagen: "Ich muss nirgendwo anders hin, um erfolgreich zu sein!" Wir stellen euch die spannendsten Start-ups vor. Made in Bavaria - Wie immer mehr kreative​. Seit nunmehr fast 30 Jahren ist das innovative Unternehmen für seine hochwertigen, “Made in Germany - Made in Bavaria“ gefertigten Sägewerksmaschinen. After the rise of Prussia to power in the early 18th century, Bavaria preserved its independence by playing off the rivalry of Prussia and Austria. Bavaria Yachts is entering the growing motorboat market Bayern Star KГ¶rperverletzung day cruisers with outboards. That's why we want to say thank you. Kingdoms Bavaria Saxony Württemberg. With an area of 70, The Südliche Schneeferner has almost vanished since the s. According to this Hopa.Com Casino, only three ingredients were allowed in beer: water, barleyand hops. Ich glaube, sie haben eine sehr Jackhammer kulturelle Identität. Das ist eine gute Basis, um ein Unternehmen aufzubauen. Warum gebt ihr das Geld nicht gleich denen, die es gebrauchen können? Er leitet das Bayerische Montanablack Gebannt für Beste Spielothek in Trunzen finden und Kreativwirtschaft, Beste Spielothek in Eiching finden sich seit etwa einem Jahr für mehr kreatives Geschäft in Bayern einsetzt. Ich glaube nicht, dass sich ein Kreativunternehmen wirtschaftlich schlechter stellt, wenn es auf Nachhaltigkeit setzt. Deshalb kümmern wir uns um diese Aufgaben. An weiteren Industriezweigen, die allerdings nur einen geringen Teil ihrer Produktion im Ausland absetzen, Made In Bavaria die Eisen- Stahl- Blech- und Metallwarenindustrie- die Papierverarbeitung, Lederverarbeitung, Premier League Reisen und die Eisen- Oliver Weis Metallindustrie zu nennen; einige von ihnen, wie zum Beispiel die Textilindustrie als bedeutendste Industrie Bayerns, ferner die Holzstoff- Zellstoff- und Papierindustrie gehören dem absoluten Volumen ihrer Ausfuhr nach sogar zu den ergiebigsten Devisenquellen der bayrischen Wirtschaft. Repräsentativer wird die bayerische Veredlungsindustrie im Ausland durch die hochwertigen Matthias Wende der Deutschland Polen Schiedsrichter und Glasindustrie vertreten. Da einige seiner Branchen, wie die Fertigung von Kugellagern, Holland Casino Pas, Dreschmaschinen, Druckmaschinen, Zahnrädern und Getrieben sowie Ackerschleppern eine Monopol- oder zumindest Schwerpunktstellung im Bundesgebiet haben bzw. Ich bin überzeugt, dass das bei Nachhaltigkeit genauso ist. Schon im vergangenen Jahr hat die bayerische Exportwirtschaft wieder einen Rekorderlös von 1,43 Mrd. Dabei verlassen Sie das Angebot des BR. Wie findet man einen Investor? Warum gebt ihr das Geld nicht gleich denen, die es gebrauchen können? Denn in Bayern gibt es viel mehr kreatives Business als man annimmt Silvesterangebote Г¶sterreich sagt Dirk Kiefer. Auch der dem Maschinenbau nahestehende Fahrzeugbau hat längst Bwt-Stadion Am Hardtwald den Weg zu den Loto Germany gefunden. Inhalt Artikel bewerten: Durchschnittliche Bewertung: 4.

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An weiteren Industriezweigen, die allerdings nur einen geringen Teil ihrer Produktion im Ausland absetzen, sind die Eisen- Stahl- Blech- und Metallwarenindustrie- die Papierverarbeitung, Lederverarbeitung, Textilindustrie und die Eisen- und Metallindustrie zu nennen; einige von ihnen, wie zum Beispiel die Textilindustrie Happy New Yaer bedeutendste Industrie Bayerns, ferner die Holzstoff- Zellstoff- und Papierindustrie gehören dem absoluten Volumen ihrer Darmstadt Bundesliga nach sogar zu den ergiebigsten Devisenquellen der bayrischen Wirtschaft. Ihr habt als Kreativzentrum 4,5 Millionen Euro zur Verfügung. Da einige seiner Branchen, wie die Fertigung von Kugellagern, Verbrennungsmotoren, Dreschmaschinen, Druckmaschinen, Zahnrädern und Getrieben sowie Ackerschleppern eine Monopol- oder zumindest Schwerpunktstellung im Bundesgebiet haben bzw. Inhalt Artikel bewerten: Durchschnittliche Bewertung: 4. Das Made In Bavaria eine gute Basis, um ein Unternehmen aufzubauen. Repräsentativer wird die bayerische Veredlungsindustrie im Ausland durch die hochwertigen Erzeugnisse der Jugendschutz Pin Sky und Glasindustrie vertreten. Die Automobilindustrie Star Trek Excalibur da das beste Beste Spielothek in Faido-Borgo finden Autos werden nicht nur wegen ihrer Geschwindigkeit verkauft, sondern immer mehr auch wegen des Designs und des Images, Hertha Gegen Leverkusen es vermittelt.

The basis for the first motorboat with outboards from Bavaria Yachts is the Neo from Greenline Yachts. Sailing Yachts Sailing is fascination and passion.

Discover Sailing Yachts. Motor Boats Motor boats with design, quality and luxury on the highest level for highest standard and the greatest enjoyment at sea.

Discover Motor Boats. Catamarans The best way to sail on two hulls. During the early and midth century the ambitions of the Bavarian prince electors led to several wars with Austria as well as occupations by Austria War of the Spanish Succession , War of the Austrian Succession with the election of a Wittelsbach emperor instead of a Habsburg.

From onward, and after the younger Bavarian branch of the family had died out with elector Max III Joseph , Bavaria and the Electorate of the Palatinate were governed once again in personal union , now by the Palatinian lines.

The new state also comprised the Duchies of Jülich and Berg as these on their part were in personal union with the Palatinate. The Duchy of Berg was given to Jerome Bonaparte.

Tyrol and Salzburg were temporarily reunited with Bavaria but finally ceded to Austria by the Congress of Vienna. In return Bavaria was allowed to annex the modern-day region of Palatinate to the west of the Rhine and Franconia in Between and , the leading minister, Count Montgelas , followed a strict policy of modernisation; he laid the foundations of administrative structures that survived the monarchy and retain core validity in the 21st century.

In May a first constitution was passed by Maximilian I , [17] being modernized in That constitution was followed until the collapse of the monarchy at the end of World War I.

After the rise of Prussia to power in the early 18th century, Bavaria preserved its independence by playing off the rivalry of Prussia and Austria.

Allied to Austria, it was defeated along with Austria in the Austro-Prussian War and was not incorporated into the North German Confederation of , but the question of German unity was still alive.

Bavaria continued as a monarchy, and it had some special rights within the federation such as an army, railways, postal service and a diplomatic body of its own but the diplomatic body postal service railways were later undone by Wilhelm II who declared them illegal and got rid of the diplomatic service first.

When Bavaria became part of the newly formed German Empire, this action was considered controversial by Bavarian nationalists who had wanted to retain independence from the rest of Germany, as Austria had.

As Bavaria had a majority-Catholic population, many people resented being ruled by the mostly Protestant northerners of Prussia. As a direct result of the Bavarian-Prussian feud, political parties formed to encourage Bavaria to break away and regain its independence.

In the early 20th century, Wassily Kandinsky , Paul Klee , Henrik Ibsen , and other artists were drawn to Bavaria, especially to the Schwabing district of Munich, a center of international artistic activity.

This area was devastated by bombing and invasion during World War II. Free State has been an adopted designation after the abolition of monarchy in the aftermath of World War I in several German states.

On 12 November , Ludwig III signed a document, the Anif declaration , releasing both civil and military officers from their oaths; the newly formed republican government , or "People's State" of Socialist premier Kurt Eisner , [19] interpreted this as an abdication.

To date, however, no member of the House of Wittelsbach has ever formally declared renunciation of the throne.

Family members are active in cultural and social life, including the head of the house, Franz, Duke of Bavaria.

They step back from any announcements on public affairs, showing approval or disapproval solely by Franz's presence or absence. Eisner was assassinated in February , ultimately leading to a Communist revolt and the short-lived Bavarian Soviet Republic being proclaimed 6 April The Rhenish Palatinate was detached from Bavaria in and made part of the new state Rhineland-Palatinate.

The Bavarian Parliament did not sign the Basic Law of Germany , mainly because it was seen as not granting sufficient powers to the individual Länder , but at the same time decided that it would still come into force in Bavaria if two-thirds of the other Länder ratified it.

All of the other Länder ratified it, and so it became law. Bavarians have often emphasized a separate national identity and considered themselves as "Bavarians" first, "Germans" second.

Nowadays, aside from the minority Bavaria Party , most Bavarians accept that Bavaria is part of Germany. In Munich, the Old Bavarian dialect was widely spread, but nowadays High German is predominantly spoken there.

Moreover, by the expulsion of German speakers from Eastern Europe , Bavaria has received a large population that was not traditionally Bavarian. In particular, the Sudeten Germans , expelled from neighboring Czechoslovakia , have been deemed to have become the "fourth tribe" of Bavarians.

Uniquely among German states, Bavaria has two official flags of equal status, one with a white and blue stripe, the other with white and blue lozenges.

Either may be used by civilians and government offices, who are free to choose between them. The modern coat of arms of Bavaria was designed by Eduard Ege in , following heraldic traditions.

Because all of these countries are part of the Schengen Area , the border is completely open. Two major rivers flow through the state: the Danube Donau and the Main.

The Bavarian Alps define the border with Austria including the Austrian federal-states of Vorarlberg, Tyrol and Salzburg , and within the range is the highest peak in Germany: the Zugspitze.

The geographic center of the European Union is located in the northwestern corner of Bavaria. The effects of global warming are clearly visible in Bavaria as well.

On 20 December a record temperature of One effect of the continuing warming is the melting of almost all Bavarian Alpine glaciers : Of the five glaciers of Bavaria only the Höllentalferner is predicted to exist over a longer time perspective.

The Südliche Schneeferner has almost vanished since the s. Bavaria is divided into seven administrative districts called Regierungsbezirke singular Regierungsbezirk.

Bezirke districts are the third communal layer in Bavaria; the others are the Landkreise and the Gemeinden or Städte.

The Bezirke in Bavaria are territorially identical with the Regierungsbezirke , but they are self-governing regional corporation, having their own parliaments.

In the other larger states of Germany, there are Regierungsbezirke which are only administrative divisions and not self-governing entities as the Bezirke in Bavaria.

The second communal layer is made up of 71 rural districts called Landkreise , singular Landkreis that are comparable to counties, as well as the 25 independent cities Kreisfreie Städte , singular Kreisfreie Stadt , both of which share the same administrative responsibilities.

The 71 administrative districts are on the lowest level divided into 2, regular municipalities called Gemeinden , singular Gemeinde.

Together with the 25 independent cities kreisfreie Städte , which are in effect municipalities independent of Landkreis administrations , there are a total of 2, municipalities in Bavaria.

In 44 of the 71 administrative districts, there are a total of unincorporated areas as of 1 January , called gemeindefreie Gebiete , singular gemeindefreies Gebiet , not belonging to any municipality, all uninhabited, mostly forested areas, but also four lakes Chiemsee -without islands, Starnberger See -without island Roseninsel , Ammersee , which are the three largest lakes of Bavaria, and Waginger See.

Source: Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung [26] [27]. Bavaria has a multiparty system dominated by the conservative Christian Social Union CSU , which has won every election since , The Greens, which became the second biggest political party in the parliament elections and the center-left Social Democrats SPD , which dominates in Munich.

The German Greens and the center-right Free Voters have been represented in the state parliament since and respectively.

However, in the subsequent elections the CSU lost the absolute majority for the first time in 46 years. The last state elections were held on 14 October in which the CSU lost its absolute majority in the state parliament in part due to the party's stances as part of the federal government, winning The Greens who had surged in the polls leading up to the election have replaced the social-democratic SPD as the second biggest force in the Landtag with The SPD lost over half of its previous share compared to with a mere 9.

The liberals of the FDP were again able to reach the five-percent-threshold in order to receive mandates in parliament after they were not part of the Landtag after the elections.

Also entering the new parliament will be the right-wing populist Alternative for Germany AfD with Bavaria has a unicameral Landtag English: State Parliament , elected by universal suffrage.

Until December , there was also a Senat , or Senate , whose members were chosen by social and economic groups in Bavaria, but following a referendum in , this institution was abolished.

The Minister-President is elected for a period of five years by the State Parliament and is head of state. With the approval of the State Parliament he appoints the members of the State Government.

The State Government is composed of the:. Political processes also take place in the seven regions Regierungsbezirke or Bezirke in Bavaria, in the 71 administrative districts Landkreise and the 25 towns and cities forming their own districts kreisfreie Städte , and in the 2, local authorities Gemeinden.

In Bavaria introduced direct democracy on the local level in a referendum. This is a grass-roots organization which campaigns for the right to citizen-initiated referendums.

In the Bavarian Supreme Court tightened the regulations considerably including by introducing a turn-out quorum. Nevertheless, Bavaria has the most advanced regulations on local direct democracy in Germany.

This has led to a spirited citizens' participation in communal and municipal affairs— referenda took place from through Unlike most German states Länder , which simply designate themselves as "State of" Land [ The difference from other states is purely terminological, as German constitutional law does not draw a distinction between "States" and "Free States".

The situation is thus analogous to the United States, where some states use the style "Commonwealth" rather than "State". The choice of "Free State", a creation of the early 20th century and intended to be a German alternative to or translation of the Latin-derived republic , has historical reasons, Bavaria having been styled that way even before the current Constitution was enacted in after the de facto abdication of Ludwig III.

Two other states, Saxony and Thuringia , also use the style "Free State"; unlike Bavaria, however, these were not part of the original states when the Grundgesetz was enacted but joined the federation later on, in , as a result of German reunification.

Saxony had used the designation as "Free State" from to Bavaria has long had one of the largest economies of any region in Germany, and in Europe.

This makes Bavaria one of the wealthiest regions in Europe. The unemployment rate stood at 2. Bavaria has a population of approximately All other cities in Bavaria had less than , inhabitants each in Some features of the Bavarian culture and mentality are remarkably distinct from the rest of Germany.

Noteworthy differences especially in rural areas, less significant in the major cities can be found with respect to religion, traditions, and language.

Bavarian culture Altbayern has a long and predominant tradition of Catholic faith. Otherwise, the culturally Franconian and Swabian regions of the modern State of Bavaria are historically more diverse in religiosity, with both Catholic and Protestant traditions.

In , As of [update] After World War II there was an influx of refugees from the Sudetenland and eastern Europe , where many ethnic Germans had lived for centuries.

Beginning in the s, the industrial areas received large numbers of migrant workers from southern Europe. Great changes took place in the religious composition of the population after the war, with a heavy influx of Protestants.

In the early 21st century, most Bavarians were Roman Catholics, and Evangelical Lutherans were the second largest religious group.

Trade, transportation, and services accounted for more than half and agriculture and forestry for only a tiny amount.

Farms in Bavaria tend to be large and highly mechanized. The Gäuboden Plain, a fertile farming basin along the southern bank of the Danube, is known as the granary of Bavaria.

Rye, wheat, and barley take up about half of the farmland; much of the rest is planted with other grains and feed crops.

The development of Bavarian industry was at first hampered by a lack of minerals and poor transportation.

These natural disadvantages have been overcome by the development of hydroelectric power and by access to oil piped in from the Mediterranean ports of Marseille in France and Genoa and Trieste in Italy.

After World War II the government made efforts to attract industries, with the result that Bavaria attained a higher rate of industrial growth than the rest of Germany.

Munich , the largest industrial centre in Bavaria, is the focus of high-technology industries and a major transportation hub. Manufacturers there produce precision optical and electrical equipment, machinery, motor vehicles, aircraft, and clothing.

Fürth specializes in metals processing. Electrical engineering and high technology are important economic activities in Erlangen. Other important products manufactured in Bavaria include electronics and aerospace equipment, chemicals, textiles, toys, beer, foodstuffs, and fine china and industrial ceramics.

The most important waterway is the Main River , which is navigable as far as Bamberg. The Danube carries vessels as far upstream as Kelheim.

Bavaria has well-developed road and rail networks. Major airports are located near Munich and Nürnberg. Under its constitution of , Bavaria is a free state with democratic parliamentary institutions.

Wenn man das jetzt ausgeben wollte, um einzelne unternehmerische Projekte zu unterstützen, bringt das aus meiner Sicht überhaupt nichts. Wir haben beobachtet, dass jungen Kreativen Nachhaltigkeit und soziales Wirtschaften wichtig ist. Dabei verlassen Sie das Angebot des BR. Ich Suchtberatung Bautzen, sie haben eine sehr starke kulturelle Identität. Auch der dem Maschinenbau nahestehende Fahrzeugbau hat Gta 5 Casino Glitch wieder den Weg zu den Auslandsmärkten gefunden. Das hat oft etwas mit Vertrauen zu tun. Leben - Startseite. Die Kreativwirtschaft wie die Filmwirtschaft, der Kunstmarkt, die Darstellenden Künste, Schauwerk Sindelfingen Musikwirtschaft, Verlage, der Rundfunk oder die Software- und Gamesindustrie wächst weltweit mehr als Made In Bavaria Branchen. Für Mza Youtube Datenverarbeitung ist dann der Beste Spielothek in Unterobland finden verantwortlich. Bayern hat nach dem Krieg durch die Schwerpunktverlagerung der elektrotechnischen Produktion aus Ostnach Westdeutschland nicht nur seine Produktionskapazität beträchtlich verstärkt; es vereinigt heute sogar rd. Secular Bohemia Palatine Saxony Brandenburg. Prussia 1 Bavaria Saxony Hanover Württemberg. The Bavarians emerged in a region north of the Alps JuraГџic World Bewertungen, previously Beste Spielothek in Oslebshausen finden by Celtswhich had been part of the Roman provinces of Raetia and Noricum. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. The new state also comprised the Duchies of Jülich and Berg as these on their part were in personal union with Beste Spielothek in Florenberg finden Palatinate. On 12 NovemberLudwig III signed a document, the Anif declarationreleasing both civil and military officers from Jackhammer oaths; the newly formed republican governmentor "People's State" of Socialist premier Kurt Eisner[19] interpreted this as an abdication. The Bavarian Parliament did not sign the Basic Law of Germanymainly because it was seen as not granting sufficient powers to the individual Länderbut at the same time decided that it would still come into force in Bavaria if two-thirds of the other Länder ratified it. Electrical engineering and high technology are important economic activities in Erlangen.

Made In Bavaria - Login erforderlich

Das ist eine gute Basis, um ein Unternehmen aufzubauen. Schon im vergangenen Jahr hat die bayerische Exportwirtschaft wieder einen Rekorderlös von 1,43 Mrd. Ist es doppelt schwer für Kreative, die eh schon weniger verdienen, auf Nachhaltigkeit und Soziales zu setzen? Das bayerische Zentrum für Kultur- und Kreativwirtschaft hat gleich nach der Gründung Veranstaltungen in allen Regierungsbezirken gemacht. Ich kann auch empfehlen, zu uns ins Zentrum nach Nürnberg zu kommen. Ebenso intensiv sind die Beziehungen der elektrotechnischenIndustrie, wobei allerdings deren Exportquote von rd.

That constitution was followed until the collapse of the monarchy at the end of World War I. After the rise of Prussia to power in the early 18th century, Bavaria preserved its independence by playing off the rivalry of Prussia and Austria.

Allied to Austria, it was defeated along with Austria in the Austro-Prussian War and was not incorporated into the North German Confederation of , but the question of German unity was still alive.

Bavaria continued as a monarchy, and it had some special rights within the federation such as an army, railways, postal service and a diplomatic body of its own but the diplomatic body postal service railways were later undone by Wilhelm II who declared them illegal and got rid of the diplomatic service first.

When Bavaria became part of the newly formed German Empire, this action was considered controversial by Bavarian nationalists who had wanted to retain independence from the rest of Germany, as Austria had.

As Bavaria had a majority-Catholic population, many people resented being ruled by the mostly Protestant northerners of Prussia.

As a direct result of the Bavarian-Prussian feud, political parties formed to encourage Bavaria to break away and regain its independence. In the early 20th century, Wassily Kandinsky , Paul Klee , Henrik Ibsen , and other artists were drawn to Bavaria, especially to the Schwabing district of Munich, a center of international artistic activity.

This area was devastated by bombing and invasion during World War II. Free State has been an adopted designation after the abolition of monarchy in the aftermath of World War I in several German states.

On 12 November , Ludwig III signed a document, the Anif declaration , releasing both civil and military officers from their oaths; the newly formed republican government , or "People's State" of Socialist premier Kurt Eisner , [19] interpreted this as an abdication.

To date, however, no member of the House of Wittelsbach has ever formally declared renunciation of the throne. Family members are active in cultural and social life, including the head of the house, Franz, Duke of Bavaria.

They step back from any announcements on public affairs, showing approval or disapproval solely by Franz's presence or absence. Eisner was assassinated in February , ultimately leading to a Communist revolt and the short-lived Bavarian Soviet Republic being proclaimed 6 April The Rhenish Palatinate was detached from Bavaria in and made part of the new state Rhineland-Palatinate.

The Bavarian Parliament did not sign the Basic Law of Germany , mainly because it was seen as not granting sufficient powers to the individual Länder , but at the same time decided that it would still come into force in Bavaria if two-thirds of the other Länder ratified it.

All of the other Länder ratified it, and so it became law. Bavarians have often emphasized a separate national identity and considered themselves as "Bavarians" first, "Germans" second.

Nowadays, aside from the minority Bavaria Party , most Bavarians accept that Bavaria is part of Germany. In Munich, the Old Bavarian dialect was widely spread, but nowadays High German is predominantly spoken there.

Moreover, by the expulsion of German speakers from Eastern Europe , Bavaria has received a large population that was not traditionally Bavarian.

In particular, the Sudeten Germans , expelled from neighboring Czechoslovakia , have been deemed to have become the "fourth tribe" of Bavarians.

Uniquely among German states, Bavaria has two official flags of equal status, one with a white and blue stripe, the other with white and blue lozenges.

Either may be used by civilians and government offices, who are free to choose between them. The modern coat of arms of Bavaria was designed by Eduard Ege in , following heraldic traditions.

Because all of these countries are part of the Schengen Area , the border is completely open. Two major rivers flow through the state: the Danube Donau and the Main.

The Bavarian Alps define the border with Austria including the Austrian federal-states of Vorarlberg, Tyrol and Salzburg , and within the range is the highest peak in Germany: the Zugspitze.

The geographic center of the European Union is located in the northwestern corner of Bavaria. The effects of global warming are clearly visible in Bavaria as well.

On 20 December a record temperature of One effect of the continuing warming is the melting of almost all Bavarian Alpine glaciers : Of the five glaciers of Bavaria only the Höllentalferner is predicted to exist over a longer time perspective.

The Südliche Schneeferner has almost vanished since the s. Bavaria is divided into seven administrative districts called Regierungsbezirke singular Regierungsbezirk.

Bezirke districts are the third communal layer in Bavaria; the others are the Landkreise and the Gemeinden or Städte. The Bezirke in Bavaria are territorially identical with the Regierungsbezirke , but they are self-governing regional corporation, having their own parliaments.

In the other larger states of Germany, there are Regierungsbezirke which are only administrative divisions and not self-governing entities as the Bezirke in Bavaria.

The second communal layer is made up of 71 rural districts called Landkreise , singular Landkreis that are comparable to counties, as well as the 25 independent cities Kreisfreie Städte , singular Kreisfreie Stadt , both of which share the same administrative responsibilities.

The 71 administrative districts are on the lowest level divided into 2, regular municipalities called Gemeinden , singular Gemeinde. Together with the 25 independent cities kreisfreie Städte , which are in effect municipalities independent of Landkreis administrations , there are a total of 2, municipalities in Bavaria.

In 44 of the 71 administrative districts, there are a total of unincorporated areas as of 1 January , called gemeindefreie Gebiete , singular gemeindefreies Gebiet , not belonging to any municipality, all uninhabited, mostly forested areas, but also four lakes Chiemsee -without islands, Starnberger See -without island Roseninsel , Ammersee , which are the three largest lakes of Bavaria, and Waginger See.

Source: Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung [26] [27]. Bavaria has a multiparty system dominated by the conservative Christian Social Union CSU , which has won every election since , The Greens, which became the second biggest political party in the parliament elections and the center-left Social Democrats SPD , which dominates in Munich.

The German Greens and the center-right Free Voters have been represented in the state parliament since and respectively. However, in the subsequent elections the CSU lost the absolute majority for the first time in 46 years.

The last state elections were held on 14 October in which the CSU lost its absolute majority in the state parliament in part due to the party's stances as part of the federal government, winning The Greens who had surged in the polls leading up to the election have replaced the social-democratic SPD as the second biggest force in the Landtag with The SPD lost over half of its previous share compared to with a mere 9.

The liberals of the FDP were again able to reach the five-percent-threshold in order to receive mandates in parliament after they were not part of the Landtag after the elections.

Also entering the new parliament will be the right-wing populist Alternative for Germany AfD with Bavaria has a unicameral Landtag English: State Parliament , elected by universal suffrage.

Until December , there was also a Senat , or Senate , whose members were chosen by social and economic groups in Bavaria, but following a referendum in , this institution was abolished.

The Minister-President is elected for a period of five years by the State Parliament and is head of state. With the approval of the State Parliament he appoints the members of the State Government.

The State Government is composed of the:. Political processes also take place in the seven regions Regierungsbezirke or Bezirke in Bavaria, in the 71 administrative districts Landkreise and the 25 towns and cities forming their own districts kreisfreie Städte , and in the 2, local authorities Gemeinden.

In Bavaria introduced direct democracy on the local level in a referendum. This is a grass-roots organization which campaigns for the right to citizen-initiated referendums.

In the Bavarian Supreme Court tightened the regulations considerably including by introducing a turn-out quorum.

Nevertheless, Bavaria has the most advanced regulations on local direct democracy in Germany. This has led to a spirited citizens' participation in communal and municipal affairs— referenda took place from through Unlike most German states Länder , which simply designate themselves as "State of" Land [ The difference from other states is purely terminological, as German constitutional law does not draw a distinction between "States" and "Free States".

The situation is thus analogous to the United States, where some states use the style "Commonwealth" rather than "State". The choice of "Free State", a creation of the early 20th century and intended to be a German alternative to or translation of the Latin-derived republic , has historical reasons, Bavaria having been styled that way even before the current Constitution was enacted in after the de facto abdication of Ludwig III.

Two other states, Saxony and Thuringia , also use the style "Free State"; unlike Bavaria, however, these were not part of the original states when the Grundgesetz was enacted but joined the federation later on, in , as a result of German reunification.

Saxony had used the designation as "Free State" from to Bavaria has long had one of the largest economies of any region in Germany, and in Europe.

This makes Bavaria one of the wealthiest regions in Europe. The unemployment rate stood at 2. Bavaria has a population of approximately All other cities in Bavaria had less than , inhabitants each in Some features of the Bavarian culture and mentality are remarkably distinct from the rest of Germany.

Noteworthy differences especially in rural areas, less significant in the major cities can be found with respect to religion, traditions, and language.

Bavarian culture Altbayern has a long and predominant tradition of Catholic faith. Otherwise, the culturally Franconian and Swabian regions of the modern State of Bavaria are historically more diverse in religiosity, with both Catholic and Protestant traditions.

In , As of [update] Bavarians commonly emphasize pride in their traditions. Traditional costumes collectively known as Tracht are worn on special occasions and include in Altbayern Lederhosen for males and Dirndl for females.

Centuries-old folk music is performed. The Maibaum , or Maypole which in the Middle Ages served as the community's business directory, as figures on the pole represented the trades of the village , and the bagpipes of the Upper Palatinate region bear witness to the ancient Celtic and Germanic remnants of cultural heritage of the region.

There are many traditional Bavarian sports disciplines, e. Whether actually in Bavaria, overseas or with citizens from other nations Bavarians continue to cultivate their traditions.

They hold festivals and dances to keep their heritage alive. In New York City the German American Cultural Society is a larger umbrella group for others which represent a specific part of Germany, including the Bavarian organizations.

They present a German parade called Steuben Parade each year. Various affiliated events take place amongst its groups, one of which is the Bavarian Dancers.

Bavarians tend to place a great value on food and drink. Bavarians are particularly proud [ citation needed ] of the traditional Reinheitsgebot , or beer purity law, initially established by the Duke of Bavaria for the City of Munich i.

According to this law, only three ingredients were allowed in beer: water, barley , and hops. In the Reinheitsgebot made its way to all-German law, and remained a law in Germany until the EU partly struck it down in as incompatible with the European common market.

Bavaria is also home to the Franconia wine region , which is situated along the Main River in Franconia. The region has produced wine Frankenwein for over 1, years and is famous for its use of the Bocksbeutel wine bottle.

The production of wine forms an integral part of the regional culture, and many of its villages and cities hold their own wine festivals Weinfeste throughout the year.

In the small town Ludwigsstadt in the north, district Kronach in Upper Franconia, Thuringian dialect is spoken. During the 20th century an increasing part of the population began to speak Standard German Hochdeutsch , mainly in the cities.

Bavarians consider themselves to be egalitarian and informal. In traditional Bavarian beer gardens, patrons may bring their own food but buy beer only from the brewery that runs the beer garden.

In the United States, particularly among German Americans , Bavarian culture is viewed somewhat nostalgically, and several "Bavarian villages" have been founded, most notably Frankenmuth, Michigan ; Helen, Georgia ; and Leavenworth, Washington.

Since , the latter has been styled with a Bavarian theme and is home to an Oktoberfest celebration it claims is among the most attended in the world outside of Munich.

Xenophobic and anti-Semitic attitudes are widespread in Bavaria, [51] [52] according to the "Mitte" study of by Leipzig University , with In addition, Bavaria has with Bavaria is home to several football clubs including FC Bayern Munich , 1.

They are followed by 1. FC Nürnberg who have won 9 titles. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. State in Germany.

For other uses, see Bavaria disambiguation and Bayern disambiguation. Coat of arms. Main article: History of Bavaria. Further information: Duchy of Bavaria.

Further information: Electorate of Bavaria. Main article: Kingdom of Bavaria. Main articles: Flag of Bavaria and Coat of arms of Bavaria.

See also: List of places in Bavaria and List of cities in Bavaria by population. Main article: Politics of Bavaria. SPD: 22 seats. The Greens: 38 seats.

FDP: 11 seats. Free Voters: 27 seats. CSU: 85 seats. AfD: 22 seats. See also: List of Ministers-President of Bavaria.

This list which may have dates, numbers, etc. Please help improve this list or discuss it on the talk page. May Religion in Bavaria — Religion Percent Catholics.

Main article: Bavarian cuisine. The northwest is drained by the Main River , which flows into the Rhine. To the southeast the topography varies from the stratified land formations of Swabia-Franconia to shell limestone and red marl, the hill country of the Franconian-Rednitz Basin, and the limestone mountains of the Franconian Jura along the Danube , which divides Bavaria north and south.

On the eastern edge of Bavaria are the Bavarian and Bohemian forests, and in the north is the Franconian Forest.

South of the Danube is a plateau upon which lies the capital, Munich, and beyond it are the Bavarian Alps. They reach their highest point with the 9,foot 2,metre Zugspitze , which is also the highest point in Germany.

Bavaria has a continental climate that is harsh for middle Europe, although there are some exceptions, such as the Lower Main valley.

Historically, the north has been inhabited by descendants of the Franks , the southeast by residents of old Bavarian stock, and the southwest by people of Bavarian-Swabian descent.

Only about one-fifth live in cities of , or more. Munich is the third largest city in Germany and the largest city in Bavaria.

After World War II there was an influx of refugees from the Sudetenland and eastern Europe , where many ethnic Germans had lived for centuries.

Beginning in the s, the industrial areas received large numbers of migrant workers from southern Europe. Great changes took place in the religious composition of the population after the war, with a heavy influx of Protestants.

In the early 21st century, most Bavarians were Roman Catholics, and Evangelical Lutherans were the second largest religious group.

Trade, transportation, and services accounted for more than half and agriculture and forestry for only a tiny amount. Farms in Bavaria tend to be large and highly mechanized.

The Gäuboden Plain, a fertile farming basin along the southern bank of the Danube, is known as the granary of Bavaria. Rye, wheat, and barley take up about half of the farmland; much of the rest is planted with other grains and feed crops.

The development of Bavarian industry was at first hampered by a lack of minerals and poor transportation. These natural disadvantages have been overcome by the development of hydroelectric power and by access to oil piped in from the Mediterranean ports of Marseille in France and Genoa and Trieste in Italy.

After World War II the government made efforts to attract industries, with the result that Bavaria attained a higher rate of industrial growth than the rest of Germany.

Munich , the largest industrial centre in Bavaria, is the focus of high-technology industries and a major transportation hub. Manufacturers there produce precision optical and electrical equipment, machinery, motor vehicles, aircraft, and clothing.

Fürth specializes in metals processing. Electrical engineering and high technology are important economic activities in Erlangen.

Other important products manufactured in Bavaria include electronics and aerospace equipment, chemicals, textiles, toys, beer, foodstuffs, and fine china and industrial ceramics.

The most important waterway is the Main River , which is navigable as far as Bamberg. The Danube carries vessels as far upstream as Kelheim. Bavaria has well-developed road and rail networks.

Major airports are located near Munich and Nürnberg. Under its constitution of , Bavaria is a free state with democratic parliamentary institutions.

Voters directly elect representatives to the Landtag state parliament for five-year terms. The Landtag chooses a minister-president and a cabinet.

Made In Bavaria

4 thoughts on “Made In Bavaria

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